Einstein’s Rings are light emissions from distant points that lie behind huge spherical objects made of matter that doesn’t interact with our organs of sight or instruments we’ve invented to detect faint electromagnetic energy, which in the humanly visible range is called, light and at frequencies above and below the human visible range, radiation.
The rings show up in images of distant galactic clusters, which are contained within the huge spheres. They can be seen in Hubble images of galactic clusters, where the curve of the otherwise invisible sphere forms an angle of refraction, such that, if we moved our point of view, perpendicular to the axis of our current view, i.e., if we move around the invisible sphere, the rings would appear to change as our relationship with the angle of refraction changes, analogous to how a rainbow seems to change as we observe it while driving at 60mph.
The gravity of the invisible sphere changes the direction of light that arrives at various points on the sphere like a spherical or conical lens, while light from the emitting source that arrives in a direct line of sight appears at the intersection of radials drawn from the curve of opposing arcs of the ring. The phenomenon is as fascinating to see and contemplate as a rainbow and also like a rainbow is disappointingly real when the magic of imagination is dispelled.
Never mind, because the magic of the giant invisible spheres remains to inspire curiosity.
Consistent with their infatuation with the mysteries of nature, the empiricists and mathematicians further invoke our imagination by calling the composition of these huge, galaxy holding spheres, “dark matter”. Dark signifies mystery and a sinister, Sherlock Holmesian significance. Moriarity must be behind it! Computations describe the spheres that are only tangibly seen by their gravitational effect on visible energy as described above, as accounting for 25% of the total mass of the universe. The mathematicians also predict that an even greater part of the unseen (but present all around us) universe, consists of undetectable energy that amounts to 60% or more of the total mass and although, the nature of this undetectable energy is unknown, in the same spirit that proves empiricists are human, they call this, the “dark energy”. Cool. Dark energy and dark matter. Dichotomies have always been effective in belief systems. Mystics in particular love a paradox.
Given the enormous amount of human capital expended on refining our understanding of the physical mechanisms that constitute the natural universe, it is at least sensible to ask of what importance it is to us, beyond the elaboration of a creation story impervious to indefatiguable empiricism. In other words, not only, why bother but who gives a fuck? Or more pragmatically, who on earth is making the decision to build electromechanical monstrosities like the Large Hadron Collider and its brethren and why? Ironically, this is the one question that science not only can’t answer, but prefers to pretend is irrelevant. On the other hand, a would-be entrepreneur or filmmaker would be well-served to watch a video of the pitch for LHC made by physicist, Brian Cox.
Putting this irrelevancy aside other than to note that LHC stands in wonderful comparison to the artifacts commemorating the creation mythology of ancient Mayan, Inca, Aztec, Egyptian and permutations of numerous Mesopotamian, Indian and Asian civilizations, mathematics predicted the phenomena known as Einstein’s Rings and mathematics predict that a preponderance of “un-visible” matter and “undetectable” energy in our universe is that these things exist in dimensions in which we live but don’t recognize as part of our experience. These very words are trying to distinguish things literally outside the capacity of language to describe. In fact, computations that fit the existence of Einstein’s Rings and the non-visible spheres of matter they imply, predict six “spatial” dimensions of space of which we live in blithe ignorance, if I’ve got this right. Perhaps, I place too much emphasis on it but it appears there is one notion arising from this mathematical proof, which the professional empiricists are not prepared to analyze, which is that, within this complex multidimensional network of so-called, physical reality, there is one dimension of time that is common to them all. In fact, it all depends on simultaneous glimpses, frames, moments, segments, and rather than distinguishing ever more detailed elements of natural phenomena (qwarks, bosuns, higgs, etc.), they are distinguishing ever smaller instants of view. Zeno predicts there is no end to this and fractal geometry appears to prove it empirically. But, so what? It’s still a nice story.
“The quest for a unified theory will come to be seen not as a branch of science, which tells us about the real world, but as a kind of mathematical theology.”
-John Horgan, Scientific American, Dec 17, 2011